Gluteus Medius - Muscle Physiology & Functional Anatomy

 

Gluteus Medius Muscle

Anatomy

 

Origin:

  • External (gluteal) surface of the ilium (just below crest)

Insertion:

  • Posterior & lateral surface of the greater trochanter of the femur



Major Artery:

  • Superior gluteal artery

 

Neural Innervation:

  • Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1 nerve roots)

 

Trigger Points:

Gluteus Medius Trigger Points

 

 

Physiology

 

Concentric Functions:

  • Abduction, transverse abduction, internal rotation & external rotation (during abduction) of the hip

 

Eccentric Functions:

  • Decelerates hip adduction & internal rotation

 

Isometric Function:

  • Stabilizes in the frontal plane along with the gluteus minimis & tensor fascia latae

 

Related Muscles

 

Antagonists:

  • Adductor Complex

Exercises:

 

 


More Images of the Gluteus Medius Muscle

Gluteus Medius


More Information about the Gluteus Medius Muscle

The gluteus medius muscle also tilts the pelvis while walking.

 

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