Gluteus Medius - Muscle Physiology & Functional Anatomy


Gluteus Medius Muscle




  • External (gluteal) surface of the ilium (just below crest)


  • Posterior & lateral surface of the greater trochanter of the femur

Major Artery:

  • Superior gluteal artery


Neural Innervation:

  • Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1 nerve roots)


Trigger Points:

Gluteus Medius Trigger Points





Concentric Functions:

  • Abduction, transverse abduction, internal rotation & external rotation (during abduction) of the hip


Eccentric Functions:

  • Decelerates hip adduction & internal rotation


Isometric Function:

  • Stabilizes in the frontal plane along with the gluteus minimis & tensor fascia latae


Related Muscles



  • Adductor Complex




More Images of the Gluteus Medius Muscle

Gluteus Medius

More Information about the Gluteus Medius Muscle

The gluteus medius muscle also tilts the pelvis while walking.


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