Rhomboids - Muscle Physiology & Functional Anatomy


Rhomboids Muscle






  • Rhomboid Major

    • Spinous processes of the T2 to T5 vertebrae

  • Rhomboid Minor

    • Nuchal ligaments and spinous processes of C7 to T1 vertebrae


  • Rhomboid Major

    • Medial border (below spine) of the scapula, inferior to the insertion of rhomboid minor muscle

  • Rhomboid Minor

    • Superior (below spine), medial border of the scapula (below levator scapulae, superior to the insertion of rhomboid major muscle)

Major Artery:

  • Dorsal scapular artery


Neural Innervation:

  • Dorsal scapular nerve (C4-C5)


Trigger Points:

Trigger Points of the Rhomboids




Concentric Functions:

  • Adduction (retraction) & downward rotation of the scapula


Eccentric Functions:

  • Decelerates scapular abduction (protraction) and upward rotation


Isometric Function:

  • Dynamically stabilizes the scapula which helps the rotator cuff enough stability to work efficiently


Related Muscles





More Images of the Rhomboids Muscle

More Information about the Rhomboids Muscle

The rhomboids muscle is named so because of its rhomboidal shape.


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