Splenius - Muscle Physiology & Functional Anatomy

Splenius Muscle




  • Splenius Capitis

    • Spinous processes of thoracic vertebrae T3-T6, cervical vertebrae C7 & the lower half of ligamentum nuchae (posterior neck ligaments)
  • Splenius Cervicis

    • Spinous processes of throacic vertebrae T3-T6


  • Splenius Capitis

    • Mastoid process of temporal & occipital bones (skull)

  • Splenius Cervicis

    • Transverse processes of vertebrae C1-C3

Major Arteries:

  • Transverse cervical artery (Spenius Cervicis)

  • Occipital artery (Spenius Cervicis)


Neural Innervation:

  • Posterior rami of the lower cervical spinal nerves


Trigger Points:

Trigger Points of the Splenius CapitisSplenius Cirvicis Trigger Points




Concentric Functions:

  • Bilaterally: extends the (atlantooccipital & atlantoaxial) head & (cervical spine) neck

  • Unilaterally: Laterally flexes to the same side, rotation to the same side.


Eccentric Functions:


Isometric Function:


Related Muscles




  • Coming soon...



More Images of the Splenius Muscle

Splenius Muscle

Splenius Muscle


More Information about the Splenius Muscle

The name splenius is derived from the Greek word "spléníon," which means plaster or patch.


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